What is High Blood Pressure, Its Types, Symptoms, and Treatment?
High Blood Pressure:
Hypertension or high blood pressure is a condition when your blood pressure increases to healthy levels.
Blood pressure can be measured by how much blood pressure passes through blood vessels and the amount of resistance the blood meets while the heart is pumping.
When your arteries become narrow, they increase blood resistance and increase blood pressure. Long-term hypertension causes many other health issues like kidney failure and many heart diseases.
The problem of hypertension is very common nowadays. People don’t notice the symptoms of hypertension. It causes damage to your blood vessels and many organs like the brain, eyes, heart, and kidneys.
If you have to find the symptoms of hypertension, then you must visit your doctor. Check your blood pressure after a few weeks.
Treatment of hypertension includes both Medication and lifestyle changes. If it is left untreated, then it causes major issues like brain stroke and heart attack.
Types of High Blood Pressure:
There are two types of hypertension. The causes of each type are different. Types of hypertension are the following:
- Primary hypertension
- Secondary hypertension
It is also called essential hypertension. This type of high blood pressure develops over time. This type has no identifiable cause. Most people have this type of hypertension.
Many factors are included in this type of hypertension. These factors are the following:
- Physical changes
Sometimes hypertension is a genetically inherited disease. It is caused due to genes mutations and genetic abnormalities that people inherit from their parents.
Physical changes also cause h. For example, a change in kidney function can cause hypertension.
This change upset the body’s natural balance of salts and balance of fluids. The increased amount of salts cause hypertension in the body.
Nowadays, people live in an unhealthy environment. Lack of activity and poor diet causes hypertension.
Lack of physical activity causes weight gain problems. Being overweight and obese leads to hypertension.
It occurs quickly than primary hypertension and is more severe than primary hypertension.
The conditions that cause secondary hypertension are the following:
- Kidney disease
- Congenital heart defects
- Problems with thyroid
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Side effects of some medications
- Use of illegal drugs
- Alcohol abuse
- Adrenal gland
- Certain endocrine tumours
Symptoms of Hypertension:
Sometimes hypertension doesn’t show any symptoms. It is a silent condition. People don’t notice any change in their health condition. But sometimes hypertension shows symptoms.
These symptoms are the following:
- Nose bleeds
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Visual changes
- Blood in urine
These symptoms show that you are a hypertensive patient and you need immediate medical treatment. But sometimes, these symptoms don’t occur, and this condition may be fatal.
Taking a blood pressure reading is a simple process of diagnosing hypertension.
Sometimes changes in your lifestyle and environment cause hypertension. Stress is a major cause of hypertension.
In this condition, check your blood pressure. If your blood pressure is high, visit your doctor. Your doctor checks your BP and conducts some tests to diagnose your hypertension.
These tests are the following:
- Urine test
- Cholesterol screening
- ECG (electrocardiogram) of your heart
- Ultrasound of heart and kidneys
- Other blood tests
This test helps to diagnose secondary hypertension precisely. Early diagnosis of hypertension reduces the risk of major issues.
Treatment for High Blood Pressure:
Different factors cause different types of hypertension. So these factor helps the doctor to choose the treatment option for the type of hypertension.
If a patient is a primary hypertensive then the doctor suggests you change your lifestyle. Change in lifestyle help to reduce your BP. With this doctor also prescribed your medicines for the treatment of your disease.
Medication helps to reduce hypertension with lifestyle changes. The doctor prescribed medicines according to the condition of the patient.
If a patient is secondary hypertensive and the doctor finds the underlying cause of hypertension, the doctor focuses on the other treatment options.
If the hypertension is persistent, then the doctor will change the patients’ medicines that help reduce your blood pressure.
If you find these symptoms then visit your doctor. Take care of yourself to live a healthy life.
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