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What is Acne, Its Symptoms, Its Causes, and Its Treatment?



Acne is a skin problem in which tiny holes of skin called pores become plugged with oil, bacteria, dirt, and dead skin cells.

When this occurs, it causes whiteheads, blackheads, or pimples. It is very common among teenagers, though it affects people of all ages.

It commonly occurs on the face, neck, shoulders, chest, and upper back.

Severe acne is a painful condition and causes emotional distress. The pimples and bumps heal slowly, and they may leave scars or darken the skin.

These scars become permanent if left untreated. Many effective medication and treatment options are available that lower the risk of this problem on the face.

The treatment depends upon its severity and its cause.

What are the Symptoms of Acne?

It can occur almost anywhere in your body. It appears in the form of blackheads, whiteheads, and pimples.

Black and whiteheads are commonly known as comedones. Blackheads are present at the skin’s surface, so they appear black due to the presence of oxygen, and they look like dirt stuck in the pore.

On the other hand, whiteheads are closed under the skin’s surface, appearing as white. The symptoms depend on the severity of your condition.

These symptoms are the following:

  • Whiteheads
  • Blackheads
  •  Pimples
  • Nodules
  • Pustules

Nodules are the solid, painful lumps that form under the skin, while Pustules are small red pimples with pus at their tips.

What Causes Acne?

It occurs when the pores of your skin become congested with oil, dead skin, or bacteria.

These pores are the opening of follicles, and each follicle is made up of a sebaceous gland and hair.

The sebaceous gland produces oil that keeps your skin soft and lubricated. The problems in the lubrication process cause acne.

Four main reasons cause acne. These are the following:

  • Excess oil (sebum) production
  • Hair follicles that blocked by oil and dead skin cells
  • Bacteria
  • Inflammation

Some medical problems and lifestyles changes may worsen your acne. These are the following:

  • Hormonal changes
  • Certain medications
  • Diet
  • Stress

Hormonal Changes:

Some hormonal changes cause acne in both men and women. At the age of puberty, an androgen hormone is increased. This hormone enlarges the sebaceous glands and increases the secretion of sebum. These hormonal changes lead to this problem, particularly in women.

Certain Medications:

Medication of certain diseases causes acne. For example, drugs that are serums like corticosteroids. Testosterone and Lithium also cause this problem.


An imbalance diet leads to acne. Consumption of high carbs foods like bread, bagels, and chips worsens your skin problem.


During stress conditions, certain hormones are released in the body that worsens your acne.








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